This workshop is a dialogue on what some call the “nonprofit industrial complex.” Together we will discuss and address questions such as: Is there a non-profit industrial complex? What does that mean? Why is it a concern in the U.S. cooperative movement? How does it manifest itself especially among co-op development agencies and organizations? How do more grassroots worker cooperatives relate to the larger, better resourced, agency driven co-operative development initiatives and organizations? How do collaborative projects still maintain their grassroots and democratic/self-management focus, and maintain the accessibility to/of grassroots co-ops and the voice of those focused more on the grassroots and self-management? What kinds of internal policies and practices would lessen the dominance or hegemony of these larger more bureaucratic development organizations?